Topics covered in this article include:
- Measurement Summary
- Available Tests for Leeds Image Analysis
- Leeds TOR 18 Naming Convention
- Image Acquisition Suggestions
- Detailed Discussion of Measurements
- Sample File
The Leeds TOR18 is a common phantom designed to be used weekly and/or monthly to provide an ongoing check of imaging performance, particularly those aspects which are most liable to deterioration. After an initial grey-scale check, image quality is measured simply by counting the number of details detected and the number of bar patterns resolved in the image. An ongoing record of these numbers will reveal any trend towards deterioration in imaging performance.
Task Group 142 (TG-142) of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) recommends that Planar kV Imaging should be checked during monthly Quality Assurance (QA) in Table II: Imaging.
- 2D Spatial Resolution
- 2D Low Contrast Visibility
- Modulation Transfer Function (MTF)
- Line Pairs per Millimeter
When imaging QA tests are added to templates an upload control will appear in the scheduled QA's data entry screen allowing the user to upload images for automated analysis.
To add files to the upload queue simply drag them from a Windows Explorer folder to the drag and drop folder and release them. Alternatively, by clicking on the Add Files button to the lower right of the control a windows file selection dialog will open and files can be selected for upload. Under either method, multiple files may be selected for upload at once.
If the automatically upload checkbox is checked (the default) then file uploading will start immediately as files are added.
If the automatically upload button is turned to off the file upload process must be started manually clicking the Start upload button on the lower right of the control. To clear the upload queue click the Clear button.
Once file series have been uploaded they will be displayed below the upload control.
To remove a series from the queue click the Cancel button beside the series. To start processing click the Start Processing button. A description for the image series can be added at this point. Click the Edit button next to the series. Type a description for the series into the text box that appears below Description and either click Save or press the enter key. The description can also be edited after the images have been processed. Descriptions will appear in the report with the analysis of the series.
While files are being processed users may perform other tasks such as data entry.
Available Tests for Leeds Image Analysis
The following tables show the tests to select in the template builder corresponding to the supported analyses.
|Planar kV Imaging
|Monthly Imaging QA [TG142 Table VI]
|Planar kV Imaging (Leeds)
Leeds TOR 18 Naming/Tagging Convention
In some cases, it may be necessary to assist the automatic image recognition with manual naming conventions. If your images are not recognized automatically. please try this naming convention:
- Add "leeds" somewhere in the file name.
Limited capabilities to manually identify planar images using DICOM tag values have been added to the image processing system. This is an extension of the existing naming convention system. The PatientID, StudyID and SeriesDescription DICOM tags are checked and if the text "leeds" (case insensitive) is found the image will be processed as a Leeds TOR18 phantom. For more details see Manual Identification of RT Planar Images and Individual Catphan Slices through DICOM tags.
Image Acquisition Suggestions
Below are general guidelines on image acquisition. The exact method will depend on the site equipment and configuration.
- Motion enable the kV arms and gantry, then move them into position.
- Remove any the filters (e.g. half fan) from the kV source.
- Place the phantom on the kV detector, ensuring the phantom is right side up.
- Ensure the phantom is reasonably centered in the field of view at a 45% angle on the kV detector. Some C-series Varian LINACs have a set of red lasers on the kV source that may be used to align the phantom. TrueBeams do not have this feature but the green wall lasers may be used to extrapolate the positioning.
- Adjust the collimation so that the full phantom is exposed. While image processing is robust, excessive artifacts in the image and around the edges can affect the ability to process the image.
- In the imaging software, select the kV acquisition parameters. The parameters below are a good starting point but may need to be adjusted for the site's environment:
- SID = 150 cm
- 50 kVp
- 10 mAs (250 mA, 50 ms)
- If using the scaling tests, ensure that the phantom edge is unobstructed.
- When using a plate (not recommended), ensure that it does not cross the outside edge of the phantom. The phantom image should be inside the plate or the plate should be fully inside the outer edge of the phantom.
- In the imaging software, capture the image and export for use.
Detailed Discussion of Measurements
Below is an example of the report generated from the tests:
Below is an example file for use in testing: